Can traditional Chinese culture lead the Chinese nation in the feudal system to modern times?

The Ming and Qing Dynasties were the late period of feudal society in ancient China. This was the period when the centralized system of feudal autocracy was intensified, and it was also the period when China's feudal imperial power reached its peak. On the other hand, this is also a period when the Chinese nation is gradually falling behind and the trend of history. The emergence of Neo-Confucianism and the strengthening of Neo-Confucianism by the ruling class gradually bound the personality and thinking of our nation.
Why did the Chinese nation enter such a historical period? In fact, this is not the embodiment of the personal will of these emperors, but is created by the character and historical environment of the Chinese nation under the influence of traditional culture. When China's feudal system came to the Song Dynasty, compared with the previous Tang Dynasty, it was obvious that the shackles of personality under the dual influence of culture and system became stronger and stronger. I think that this situation is showing that the feudal system has become less and less able to adapt to the needs of the emerging production relations and personal freedom that people naturally generate after the development of productive forces and ideas. Such new things can be seen in the middle and late Ming Dynasty when the ideological control of society was relatively weak. During this period, a large number of thinkers emerged, such as Li Zhi and Huang Zongxi. Li Zhi pointed his finger at feudal ethics and the whole orthodox thought, which to a certain extent reflected the requirements of the budding era of fundamentalism. Huang Zongxi, who advocated the theory of "the world is the master and the ruler is the guest", reflects the changes in the traditional social production relations caused by the development of productive forces. with anti-authoritarian characteristics.
In the face of emerging things, the traditional feudal ruling class was dazzled by the centralized feudal system they designed. Under the influence of backward world view and understanding of backward production relations, they are unable to accept, utilize and manage these new things. It is impossible to hastily incorporate these new things into their familiar system of governance, which does not have these genes in their system and their thinking. They have an instinctive fear of the things that disturb them, so they clear things up that disturb them and get society and people's minds back to what they think they are. Only in this way can the every move of the people be under their control, and they can more effectively implement their rule within the established framework.
So in the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang, who came from the bottom peasants, had a profound understanding of the chaos at the end of the Yuan Dynasty. Under the influence of traditional Chinese culture, he inevitably longed for the reconstruction of social order and morality, and established an orderly dynasty. However, in his period, the emergence of new things and ideas made society complicated, and it was impossible for society to return to the Qin, Han and Sui and Tang Dynasties. This made him instinctively move towards tighter control over the people. Prospering Bagu, creating household registration, and clarifying the law, these are the measures he took. The idea of ruling the world with filial piety also hopes that the subjects of the country can accept the rule under the strong restraint of ethics and morality. The imperial examination system for selecting national talents has also become a heavy shackle on the intellectuals. For these officials from intellectuals, their thoughts and actions are firmly locked in the category of the Five Classics of private schools. The abolition of the Prime Minister and the establishment of Jinyiwei and Dongchang further reflected the strengthening of the central imperial power, and the central imperial power's control over the society was more solid. Therefore, in the terrifying environment of the early Ming Dynasty, new things were completely powerless to fight against the fully-armed feudal order that had already dominated. It should be noted that the laws of ancient China have always been regarded by the people as severe punishments for serious violations of social moral norms and strict regulations on the behavior of subjects outside of morals. They are not laws that protect the rights of the people in the modern sense.
In terms of ideas, the traditional Chinese culture itself has its "convergence" characteristics, and the spread of new things in this environment is inherently slow. With the gradual feudalization of traditional Confucian culture and classical culture, people's minds are numb and incomprehensible when facing these emerging things. For the few who accept these emerging ideas, they have been excluded from the mainstream society, not only by the joint suppression of morality and feudal law, but also by the exclusion and slander of the mainstream ideas, and even more by the influence of the feudal worldview. Doubt of thought. Furthermore, under the ingrained understanding of "the world", "the imperial court" and "the emperor's father", the ancient Chinese still naturally chose to go to another one during the period when the dynasty was replaced and the control of the centralized feudal system was relatively weak. The rule of the new centralized feudal system.
From the perspective of both the system and the culture, if there is no external force, the Chinese nation will live in this centralized feudal system and feudalized culture for a long historical period. During this period, the spread of new things is extremely slow. It is precisely these emerging systems that naturally represent the fundamental direction of the development of human society. But it cannot be denied that with the continuous development of productive forces, the emerging production relations and the corresponding ideas will never be extinguished and stifled. On the contrary, in the continuous accumulation, its power will become stronger and stronger, until in a certain historical period in the future, it will replace the traditional feudal production relations.
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